|Notes for Jacob Henry YOUNG|
BIO: Jacob was born in Somerton, England, in 1819, where he learned to grow plants and vegetables.
Jacob Young emigrated to Port Phillip with his wife Elizabeth in 1848 aboard
The Lysander, arriving 13th January 1849, at Port Phillip.
Arrival recorded in the Argus, Tues 16 Jan 1849,
The Lysander, from London and Plymouth, with 236 immigrants, arrived on Saturday morning, after a very long passage. She brings 48 married couples, 25 single men, 32 single women, 41 boys, 31 girls under 14, and under 1 year old, 7 girls and 4 boys, there were 7 deaths and 9 births on the voyage; the immigrants are principally from Cornwall, and are mostly miners, and agricultural labourers. The Surgeon expressed his satisfaction with their good conduct on the voyage, and the immigrants also appear very well satisfied. The Lysander spoke on the 27th Nov off the Cape, the barque Offley, from London to Hobart Town.
The Lysander while coming through the Bay of Biscay in a heavy gale of wind, lost a man overboard, he had just been relieved from the lee wheel, at 12 oclock at night, and during the heavy rolling of the vessel, he had clung to the spanker boom, for support, but being unable to keep his hold he was thrown overboard, she also lost another hand, who was standing on the rail of the ship, when he lost his balance and fell overboard. One of the apprentices also died from inflammatory fever.
From Michael Cannon, entitled "Perilous Voyages To The New Land" published by Today's Australia Publishing Company, 1995 - ISBN 0 646 24018 8.
"This unique book will greatly increase your admiration for white settlers who dared all perils to search for better lives in Australia. Driven from their homes by harsh conditions in Britain, these pioneering families risked death to make the long voyage to the other side of the world. The vessels in which they came looked beautiful from afar. But in the crowded emigrant decks, conditions were often appalling, leading to much unnecessary suffering."
Michael covers some of the most notorious of the ships, the greedy agents, despotic Captains and drunken Surgeons, which brought Assisted Immigrants to Port Phillip (now Victoria) between 1839 - 1850, drawing his information from a number of official sources. This is part of his description of the voyage of the "Lysander" which left Plymouth on 21st. September 1848 with 238 emigrants, mostly Cornish miners and their families, arriving Port Melbourne 114 days later: "According to evidence given by the emigrants, 'The surgeon had addicted himself to intemperance in the use of intoxicating drink, and consequently rendered himself incapable of attending to his duties.'
The Immigration Board in Melbourne confirmed that Dr. Hunter was 'in every way unfit to maintain that discipline among the people ... so necessary to the well-being of those being entrusted to his superintendence.'
While drunk, Dr. Hunter failed to prevent the Lysander's third mate, a man called William Harley, from gaining frequent access to the single women's quarter. Harley was probably encouraged in his opinion of their morality by the fact that two unmarried women gave birth during the voyage. They were 22-year-old Cornish farm servant Mary Ann Tremayne, and 21-year-old Monmouth bonnet-maker Emma Phillips.
The matron, a 35-year-old Somerset cook named Mrs. Mary Davis, attempted to prevent the third mate from importuning her young charges. When she argued with him. she testified, he 'took her by the shoulders, and said he would throw her out of the port'. And further on: "Meanwhile, many of the Lysander's immigrants were undergoing further tribulations. Dr. John Patterson, Immigration Agent, thought that Cornish Miners were "not the description of persons who are likely to prove useful to the colony" - a verdict set aside when the gold rush began in 1851.
But the Port Phillipians of 1850 agreed with Dr. Patterson. At that date they only wanted labourers with agricultural experience. About fifty Cornish people remained unemployed on the Lysander, rejecting a government offer to transport them to prospective employers at Portland Bay.
Captain Lulham was bound to give them a fortnight's free board and lodging on the ship. At the end of that period, Dr. Patterson went on board and warned them that they 'should have no place of refuge or protection from the government.'
The immigrants were landed on Queen's Wharf on the evening of the 30th. January 1849 and would have been left without shelter for the night, had not Chief Constable Joseph Bloomfield been passing. He arranged temporary accommodation for them in nearby tnns, and slowly they merged into the general population."
The Young's went to work for Dr Edward Boyd Adams, a surgeon, of Brighton, receiving 1 Pound a week without rations. Elizabeth died in 1851. Jacob married a Margaret Campbell in 1852. Jacob worked in the Botanic Gardens Melbourne for 3 years, before trying his luck on the diggings at Ballarat, but did not remain long. After an adventurous colonial career at the digging's, he settled down at Malvern to follow the occupation as a market gardener. Jacob then went to Malvern and purchased land before proceeding to Bendigo, and, in partnership with two others, opened a store. After a time spent teaming on the roads and little business success he returned to market gardening in Malvern, continuing there until 1886 when he retired from active work, entrusting the cultivation of the land to his sons. Jacob Young held a seat on the Malvern road board for eleven years. From 1870 Jacob was a councillor on the first Malvern Council for two terms. Friends described the Young's as the stock of English farmers, in coming overseas they did not lose their rustic ways nor change their speech, full of quaint expressions to Australian ears. Jacob was a stocky thick set man, with a loud voice, that "burred" with a broad county dialect.
From the HISTORY OF MALVERN
Beyond the first lane, wherein Cruickshank lived, was another blind lane, that formed a picturesque pocket. Fences, along its length, were broken, but straggling dog roses held them together. A full mead of soft turf carpeted the lane. A small drain, that was meant for a miniature ditch, ran alongside the fence. In the drain plants blossomed with yellow flowers, and the children called them buttercups. The lads, and lasses, of the village, billycans and jugs in hands often went along the lane for the purpose of buying milk from a market gardener, named Young, whose cottage was in the lane (Cnr Silver St and Elizabeth St).
The lane abutted on the market gardens of Woodmason, and Young. In the lane were three cottages, tenanted by Young, Home, and a German family named Beyers. Young, and his wife, were stock of English farmers. In coming overseas they did not lose their rustic ways, nor change their speech, full of quaint expressions to Australian ears. Young was a stocky thick set man, with a loud voice, that "burred" with a broad county dialect. His wife was a tall strong woman, the mother of two sons, and three daughters, who in strength, and height, did not belie their parents. Young owned property on the east side of Nash's (Tooronga) Road (now would include Wilson, Viva and Young Streets) that he cultivated as an additional market garden. An excellent spring gave a full supply of water. Its percolations formed a gully, and the water ran until it reached High Street, and so to Gardiner's Creek.
Jacob Henry Young was born in 1821, in Somersetshire, where he learned how to grow plants and vegetables. In 1848, when 27 years of age, he came to Victoria, as an emigrant on the ship "Lysander." After an adventurous colonial career at the diggings, he settled down at Malvern to follow the occupation of a market gardener. At the age of 65 years, he retired from his active life as a market gardener. Few residents knew Malvern better than he. For eleven years he was a member of the Road Board., His friend, colleague, and neighbour, William Wood-mason, was nine years younger than he. Woodmason came from Devon. Young was a seasoned pioneer before Woodmason ever saw Victoria. The first rushes to the gold fields were outrun when Woodmason arrived at Malvern
Among the first residents, in Malvern, who were serious in their settlement, as landholders, and householders, in distinction from land speculators and members of land syndicates, were John Neale Cox, Henry Cawkwell, John Hunt, Cole, Alexander Gemmell, Jacob Henry Young, Thomas Colesmith, Croft, Norburn, William James, Thomas Griffiths, Henry and Adolphus Hall, Christopher Harrison, Peter Cousins, Norton Stephen, Leonard McCoy, Caleb Turner, R. G. Benson, J. C. Fell, Richard Nash, George Withers, Leonard McCoy, James Marsh, Richard McClure, Edward Scott, R. S. Sitwell and others. In 1856 Malvern, or Gardiner, had a mere handful of residents. They were a scattered community, but the hamlet at first showed a disposition to group itself in Malvern Road leading up to the crown of the hill, at the corner of Glenferrie Road, where the Malvern Hill Hotel was built.
The Woodmason family were successful market gardeners and dairy farmers, with substantial land holdings throughout the Malvern district. From 1859 the family owned land at the corner of Glenferrie Road and Malvern Road, where William Woodmason cultivated a highly successful market garden. Woodmason was Shire President and a long serving member of the Malvern Council. On his death in 1892, his son, William James Woodmason, took over the dairy and his father’s prize winning jersey herd. Woodmason became a breeder of pure breed jersey cattle and the herd was noted as one of the best in Victoria, winning several championships at the Royal Melbourne Show. Woodmason’s Melrose Dairy was established at the corner of Glenferrie Road and Malvern Road. Jersey cows were also kept at Twickenham in Waverley Road, where Woodmason had established a second Melrose Dairy. He used land at the corner of Malvern Road and Waverley Road to grow maize in order to feed his famous Melrose jersey herd. It is said that Woodmason named this area Coolgardie, according to his belief that land represented a fortune sound as gold. In 1922 Woodmason released the Coolgardie land for subdivision and Coolgardie Avenue and Melrose Street were created. The same year he also put up for sale a large area of grazing land east of Warrigal Road where he retained a section for his new home, Green Gables, in Waverley Road. In 1923 Woodmasons Ice Works were built in Glenferrie Road. Elaine Woodmason Meyer (1915-1995), the great grand-daughter of William Woodmason, was instrumental in forming the Malvern Historical Society in 1972.
(LYSANDER - 1848
In 1853 this vessel was bought by the Victorian Government and used as a hospital ship at the Quarantine Grounds at Port Phillip Heads, later still she was used as a prison hulk in Port Phillip Bay.
floating horror was the disease-stricken emigrant ship
six weeks, the survivors were in quarantine.
Then, just before Christmas, the healthy passengers re-embarked on
Scarlet fever (scarlatina)
Infection caused by streptococcal bacteria, less contagious today thanks to modern hygiene and living standards, decreased virulence of the bacteria, and widespread use of antibiotics. Incubation is l-6 days. First stage is Fever, Sore throat, and vomiting; second stage is development of scarlet rash, with characteristic inflamed, 'strawberry' tongue. Rash peels, and child recovers within a week. Complications are rare, but include Rheumatic fever, acute inflammation and pain in joints, and acute Nephritis
is a lovely mellow town with a wide, 17th Century market square with an
octagonal, roofed Market Cross as a focal point in the centre. The
square is surrounded by the town hall, elegant houses and inns which
create the attractive townscape that draws visitors from all over the
world. The parish church, dedicated to St Michael, is quite plain
externally but contains one of the finest wooden roofs in the county,
carved by the monks of Muchelney Abbey
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